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BEC中级阅读解题技巧
发布人:admin 时间:2019-5-4 已被浏览 10

 

BEC阅读

考试时间:1小时

一、BEC阅读理解题的考察目的

1.     根本目的在于考察逻辑而不仅是词汇本身

2.     核心解题思想是意思的反复重复与同义匹配

二、做题顺序和时间分配

5改错→4完形→3单选→1匹配→2选句子

Part V→8分钟,Part IV→13分钟,Part III→12分钟 , Part I→12分钟,Part II→15分钟

PART ONE

一、 谨记:没必要知道文章段落主旨,考察的大多都是细节, 同义重现,定位准确即可。

不要做二次推论

二、不同的匹配类型

1.     陈述对应段落中的1句话,简单匹配,常见题

2.     陈述对应段落中的相邻23句话,简单推论,较少

3.     陈述对应几乎整个段落的内容,复杂结论,罕见

三、解题步骤:

    1、阅读题目及七个单句,划出句意关键词。

对于谈论相似主体的句子,区别内容的相同处和不同处,注意体现不同处的关键词

关键词:(定位词)

   1)原词重现:专有名词:人名、地名、数字、时间、百分比、金钱、黑体字、斜体字

   2)原意重现:

        1、同义相似

        2、同义差异

   3)句子中出现a company 等“a+*”很可能是段落中的一个例子

   4正面还是负面,好还是坏

   5)对原文进行归纳与总结

区别不同 举例:

1.   These can be piled up neatly without taking up much space.

without taking up much space.为修饰成分,can be piled up neatly才是关键词

2.  This set of furniture is characterized by space-saving and easy storage.

space-saving and easy storage.是关键词

因此以上两句的关键词不同

1. Experience in advertising would be helpful in this job.

在广告方面的经验将会有帮助helpful,不是必须具有的

Apply for this course if you are interested in running courses in office skills.

此句重点在running courses 而非 office skills

1.   Students are expected to learn something about American society.

American为关键词,因为他是大写,可以直接在文章中定位AmericanUSA

 Do not hesitate to involve your boss if you have difficulties with your work.

关键词为involve your boss而不是if you have difficulties with your work.

陈述中总结关键词。

1)人,公司,钱,商业行为

人:staff\workforce\executive\employee\employer\manager

公司:company\firm\business\corporation\ organization

钱:money\salary\pay\cost\ compensation薪水不是补偿

A strong currency has had a negative 负面effect on the company.

The workforce has made it difficult 负面for this company to become more efficient.

2)褒贬、肯定、否定

举例:

A strong currency has had a negative 负面effect on the company.

3)比较题,两个主体,两种看法

举例:

Not all companies see a need to find out what motivates their staff.

People may perceive the same type of work differently.可能是一些人这样认为,一些人认为那样

2、快速浏览短文(依靠小标题迅速抓住各篇短文的主题)。

浏览过程中如果发现答题的具体信息,可在具体信息下面划线并标上题号以备最

    后检查

3、解题技巧:

190%的情况是三个选项各被选2次,例子中的选项被选一次,不排除例子中的选项被选3次,没被举例子的选项只选了一次,但这种情况很少见

2)一三原则:四个选项中其中一个与其他三个不同的地方一定是出题点

举例A   Price on request

     B  Price £200,000

     C  Short lease £15,000

     D  Whole property £190,000

 

         A  Product Manager

       B  Marketing Executive

 C  Management Trainees

D  Group Product Manager

3 可以先做例子所在的那个段落

4For example\instance等举例子后的句子可以不看,除非不太懂句子的意思,可以帮助理解

5)不要做二次推论,臆想文章没有的意思

6)有可能虽然出现了同义词,但是表达的意思不一样

7)在一段中注意论点提示词:but\instead\however等,前后可能表达正好是两个意思,对应两个选项  

PART 2

解题步骤:

65

1、 先读题目要求的第一句和题目,初步了解主题

2、 将例子所对应的选项划去,一般是G

3、 把选项看一遍,圈出句子中的代词、专有名词、转折词、原因词、结果词等

4、 看文章,不要慌,都得大概浏览一遍,尤其是看一下上下文有没有出现人名等明显字词,以免影响做题

5、 重点阅读空格前后两句,体会并列、转折、正负面。另外要注意空格后一句中的代词

 

一些常见的句际关系以及词际关系

1、 句际关系的分析

(1)    并列关系:空格前后的句子基本属于同一主题,没发生转折

(2)    转折关系:空格前后的句子在含义上发生转折(明显或不明显)

明显:but\yet\however\unlike\rather than\no but(不是而是)\on the contrary\in contrast with与……相比而言

(3)    总分关系(举例关系)

(4)      因果关系(明显或不明显)

因:because\as\since\in that\ result from\as a result of

果:so\therefore\thus\hence\consequently\result in

Cause\pose\lead to\create

(5)      顺序关系:空格前出现数序关系词

first, second, third, then

2、 词际关系的分析

(1)    指示代词:this\these\that\they\such\so\latter

(2)    同义词和近义词:in other words

(3)    数字指示词

进:income\salary\revenue财政收入,税收

出:expense\expenditure\cost\value for money性价比

Financial财政的\fiscal政府财政的

看空格前后语气是正面的还是负面的,如果前后都是负面的,肯定空格所选的也是负面的。如果前负面后正面,则空格是转折为正面。

解题技巧:

1)  没必要阅读全文或者整个段落,只需阅读空格前后的句子;

如果根据空格前后的意思不能选出答案时,可以向前阅读12句,没必要再往空格后边的句子读

格外注意空格后一句的前几个词

2)  注意排除方法的运用

如果空格前后是并列关系,则排除转折选项

如果空格前后是转折关系,则排除不是转折的选项

如果选项中出现人名或人称代词,而空格前后没有人名,则选项也可以排除

如果选项中出现指示代词,而空格前的文章内容没有出现指示代词所代表的内容,则这个选项就可以被排除

D.     However, most leading experts in the field believe that there is sufficient evidence to support this model of work dynamics.

F.      He believes, however, that the only way they will gain approval for these potentially expensive initiatives is to have some data that demonstrates positive financial benefits.

 

3another_前后是并列关系

Another study indicated the same thing in medium-sized manufacturing firms.

4) Bothcompare……with\alternative\both……and相并出现

_E__.Both, he argue, involve appropriate decisions being made about the allocation of resources within a particular budget.空格后出现both,则肯定空格中的内容出现了两个内容

5)如果空格钱一句是上文的原因,则很可能空格是原因的论证,即举例。

This is because there is no point in businesses spending large amounts without knowing if the investment is worthwhile. __C__.

C.     For example, a common mistake is to spend a fortune on recruitment to cover up for deficiencies in training.

6)在 选项中寻找与空格前后内容重复的选项

. __C__. Lester’s advice, however, is for companies to think twice before hiring people, since it is vital they assess whether they are getting value for money.

C.     For example, a common mistake is to spend a fortune on recruitment to cover up for deficiencies in training.

7) 做题之前可以花几分钟读一下选项,了解一下选项的特点,看选项中有没有代词

A.     Having done that , next comes establishing what it is that marketing activities should be achieving.

B.     Because of this, you may want to generate return on investment, perhaps by raising the quality of your brand.

C.     This shift in focus will be taken as read by the most successful businesses.

D.     Addressing such issues should mean that profits take care of themselves.

E.     Concerning the latter, it may be tempting to be seduced by efforts that yield quick results and satisfy investor pressure for immediate returns.

F.      These should be precise and based on empirical data.

以上选项都出现了代词,并且DF 是复数,A是前面已经出现了一项内容,E说明前文肯定出现了两个东西

8)在文中如果出现了并列论证,即first, second, third,一般是两个论证,出现了一个而找不见另一个,则肯定就是空格上所需要的,一般不会直接出现second,而是用and, also等代替

The first stage in the process is understanding your current position. How successful is you brand today? What is your market share? You should equip yourself with some sound facts and figures on which to base your conclusions. __A__.

 

 

PART  3

做题步骤:

1、  看题目,把握文章主旨

 

2、  同义匹配是解题关键

 

3、  定位:题目和段落对应

 

4、  如果6个题中的最后一题考得是文章主旨(选一个文章题目之类的),则一般第一题对应第二段,其余的依次类推

 

5、  选项四大类:

1)  正确选项:同义词匹配

The general rule in company communication is to tell employees as much as you can as soon as you can.

According to the writer, what is the guiding principle about giving information within an organization?

B        Give people an overall view at the earliest possible stage.

 

2)  无关选项:上下文无此内容

 

3)  意思相反:文章讲得是正面。而选项是反面

 

4)  不要做二次推论

 

6、主旨题:看在文章、选项中出现最多的词,主旨题中的选项必须出现此词才有可能是正确选项

举例Which of the following would be the most suitable title for the article?

B   Making company communication more effective

 

7、注意段落结构,如果很有规律,可以做出合理推论

举例:

So what makes a successful team? There are some general qualities that have been identified. Steve Gardner recommends that in every team there should be someone who is good at researching ideas and another who is good at shooting down impractical ones. There should be those who can resolve the tensions that naturally occur in a team and others who are focused on getting the job done. Also, providing a clear and achievable target at the outset is the best way of ensuring that the team will move on to greater things.

题目:What is Steve Gardner’s advice on operating a successful team?

C      Select  people  who  fit  naturally  into  certain  roles.

 

8、找出题干中的关键词,在文中定位。题目是顺序排列。

大写定位,符号定位,同义词定位

8、  选项范围太小或太大不选;太绝对不选;不符合实际不选;太具体不选;不包含所有要素不选

9、  一般都是考细节,一定要耐心定位

10、            每段的中心句一般在段首或段尾,浏览时一定要把握中心意思

11、如果题干中出现“in the first paragraph,很可能得弄懂整段的中心意思才能选出正确答案;

“据某人说”也不一定是只有引号内的句子才是解题要点,找不到答案时要读后或前读一下

11、最后一个题一般在最后一段可以找到答案

Part four

常考点:

1、  固定搭配,尤其是动词固定搭配

2、  动词加副词性小品词搭配

3、  词的辨析

4、  选在商务英语中经常考察的词,不要选自己不认识的词,不要想得太复杂

5、  常考词

1Base \basis

On the basis of\be based on\customer base\manufacture base\skill base\use base

其他情况使用一样,都是“基础”的意思

2)  convince sb of sth\that 使某人相信

confirm 证实,加强,批准

3)  network 互联网、营业网点

web 网、一般与互联网技术有关

grid 烤肉架、电网、排水管

4)  carry out=put sth into practice\effect执行

5)  objective 目标(选)

purpose 具体一件事的目的(一般不选)

6)  运营 run\operate\go

Do business with sb 与某人做生意

7)  cope with sth=deal with sth successfully

8)  vacancy职位空缺,一般只出现在招聘中

departure 飞机起飞,离开

absence缺席

9)  access to 进入,权利

approach 着手处理,方法,途径,接近

10)            driving  force驱动力

11)            go through 仔细检查审核、完成、看完、用完、遭受经历、穿过、练习、讨论

12)            innovation=revolution

13)            the procedure 步骤of the process程序 of the transaction交易、处理 这三个词范围由小到大

14)            involve常考词,一般就选这个词

15)            term 合同条款(书面用语),比item(一条、一件)笼统

一般选term,另外 in terms on 从什么角度来看

in terms of 就…而言, 从…方面说来

16)            work out 计算出、解决问题 ~problems

17)            pattern方式模式,为常考词,一般选这个词

18)            issue,发布信息,开发票,出版发行。The issuing of order

place an order 下订单

19)            grant 准许,答应,给予,承认n补助金

take sth\sb for granted

20)             fulfil 履行,迎合,满足~the expectation of the manager

21)            exercise 在商务英语中常指业务

22)            in question

23)            avenue大街;方法途径=approach

24)            option选择 selection 已经选择好了

25)            do well 进展地非常好,做得很好

     be well 身体健康

Part Five

错误类型:

1、  特指型错误

So\such\that\this\these\those\the\a\an\they\their\our\it

2、  并列式错误:介词宾语并列错误

3、  动词性错误:

及物性错误

V+adv+介词”可能需要去掉其中的副词或介词

“How to do”有可能需要去掉how

find     

4、  正确的行数:24

5、  虽然是一行一行的挑错,但是句子是一句一句的读整句。

6、  首先看看句子是否完整——主谓宾,然后看动词使用是否正确,错误分类:两个动词、及物动词+介词、不及物+宾语;然后看介词搭配

7、  两逗号间的插入语一般无考察点,可以直接省略以简化句子

例子:

1)A vital skill for anyone running a business it is the ability to communicate effectively.

整个句子主谓宾有错误。如果不去掉it, A vital skill则没有谓语

2)it is too vital to get the best out of the situation

从全文来看是肯定语气,而too……to是否定语气,太……而不能,则应该去掉too

3Sending an email or by using another means of  communication

并列的两项形式不同,应去掉BY或者如果把BY放在第一个前也行

5ask in advance for suggestions for items to be discussed about

Discuss为及物动词,不用ABOUT

6set that out, starting with the most important, the points for discussion.

略过插入语可看出set out 的宾语应该是the point,所以把that 去掉

7It should also contain the names of those ones who will be present

8Concerning the key to a good meeting is an agenda

9Having established the need for a meeting, so inform those you       wish to attend       So 前边应该是个句子

10ask yourself if you actually need one, since so many are unproductive results

11we are entering an extremely exciting period of new change

12) The 50 person appointed will already have demonstrated sure success at a senior

13)commercial level for a minimum of three years time in a food manufacturing

14)we focus on our strategy how to achieve market leadership.

15)If you are the type of a person who can demonstrate the energy and 16)insight to drive a business forward looking as part of a team, this may

17) We need appoint a committed professional

18)The commercial director will have report directly to the general manager and will be

19)expected to provide with both leadership and hands-on coaching to the staff.

Offer                           Supply

20)This high-profile role will involve in the implementing and developing of commercial

21)strategies that will make maximize the profitable growth of the company.

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