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第四章国际货物运输讲义
发布人:admin 时间:2019-5-4 已被浏览 13

 

Chapter Four    Delivery of Goods    国际货物运输

1.     DEFINITION

2.     DELIVERY & SHIPMENT

(1)DENOTATION:

          The transport and arrival of the purchased goods at a designated destination  -- delivery交货

          the loading of the goods on board a carrier -- shipment装运

(2)TIME OF SHIPMENT

(3)PLACE OF SHIPMENT/PLACE OF DESTINATION

(4)PARTIAL SHIPMENT分批转运

(5)TRANSSHIPMENT转运

 

3. SEA TRANSPORT

1.     types of shipping service

(1)LINER TRANSPORT班轮运输

   4 fixed

   1responsible

 

*CALCULATION

Liner freight rates总运费= basic freight基本运费+additional fees各项附加费

 总运费 = 货物数量 x 基本费率X(1+各种附加费率)

(1)WT=weight*unit freight rate

(2)MT=measurement*unit freight rate

(3)W/M: higher rate of freight

(4)A.V. or Ad Val=FOB*Ad Val. rate

(5)W/M or Ad Val.:highest rate of freight

 

(6)ADDITIONAL FEES

 

CASE STUDY 1:

W:

10MT*80*(1+20%+10%)=1040USD

M:

0.2*0.3*0.4=0.024M3

0.024*400*80*(1+20%+10%)=998.4USD

W/M:

1040USD>998.4USD

 

CASE STUDY2:

分析:已知CFR,求FOB价,其实要求的是freight rate

freight rate

W:

0.04*100*(1+20%+10%+20%)=6USD

M:

0.45*0.35*0.25*100(1+20%+10%+20%)=5.9USD

W/M:

6USD>5.9USD

FOB=CFR-FREIGHT RATE=275-6=269USD

 

CASE STUDY3:

W:

5.8MT*30=174USD

M:

6M3*30=180USD

AD VAL:

20000*1.5%=300USD

300USD>180USD>174USD

 

(2)CHARTER TRANSPORTATION租船运输

                 voyage charter定程租船

                 tome charter定期租船

                 bare charter光船租船

 

2.Marine Bills of Lading海运提单

(1)definition

(2)function

(3)types of B/L

A.                    shipped/on board B/L已装船提单 more guarantee, most used    v.s.     received for shipment B/L备运提单(placed in custody监管,in exchange for a shipped B/L)

B.                    straight B/L(Deliver to Co. Ltd., named consignee take delivery of the goods, not transferable)       v.s.       blank B/L(To bearer凭持票人,delivery of the bill without endorsement背书)         v.s.       order B/LTo order/ To order of shipper指示, to anyone designated指派 by named consignee 第一种endorse the bill in blankendorse the bill in full,第二种does not endorse a bill, only shipper is entitled to take delivery of the goods.

C.                     clean B/L 清洁提单not show any defect on their exteriors when loading    v.s.       unclean B/L不清洁提单(bank will not accept unless specifically authorized by buyer)

D.               direct B/L直达提单, transshipmentB/L转船提单, throughB/L联运提单, combined transport B/L多式联运提单, charter party B/L租船提单

E.                     stale B/L过期提单Bill later than arrival    v.s.   antidated B/L倒签提单(when actual loading date is later than date on L/C, carrier issue a bill with a false date to suit the requirement of L/C改日期)     v.s.     advanced  B/L预借提单When L/C date of expiry is due, exporter failed to ready his cargo, carrier issue an advanced bill to negotiate payment.出假单)

F.                     long form B/L(全式提单)       v.s.       short form B/L(略式提单)

4the content of B/L

正面

背面:运输条款

 

4.Air Transport

ADVANTAGES:

high speed and quick transits

low risk of damage and pilferage偷窃

saving in packing cost

less amount of capital tied up in transit

DISADVANTAGES:

limited capacity of air freighter

limited overall dimensions of acceptable cargo

weight restriction

 

(1)air waybill(AWB)

(2)air cargo charges and rate

 

 

5.IMT=international multi-modal transport

(1)definition

(2)types

(3)multi-modal transport document

(4)MTO多式联运经营人

 

 

 

1    Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE?

A.     In partial shipment, goods are only involved in one transaction.

B.     In partial shipment, goods can be shipped in different months.

C.    That goods unloading and reloading from one vessel to another vessel in one transaction is also one kind of partial shipment.

D.    If the exporter fail to deliver the goods within the stipulated time limit in any lot, then this lot and subsequent lots all cease to be effective.

2. Which of the following does not belong to the advantage of sea transport?

A.     carrying large quantities of goods over long distance.

B.     comparatively cheap freight

C.    good adaptability

D.    reducing amount of capital tied u in transit.

3. Which of the following features does not belong to Liner transport?

A.     fixed schedule

B.     fixed charge standard

C.    responsible for loading and unloading charges and the cost of dunnaging materials.

D.    regularity of service

 

4. FOB价值为20000美元的货物由甲地运往乙地,基本费率为每运费吨30美元或从价费率1.5%。体积为6立方米,毛重为5.8公吨,以W/M or Ad Val.选择法计费,以1立方米或1公吨为一运费吨,求运费。

1    Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE? (C)

A.     In partial shipment, goods are only involved in one transaction.

B.     In partial shipment, goods can be shipped in different months.

C.    That goods unloading and reloading from one vessel to another vessel in one transaction is also one kind of partial shipment.

D.    If the exporter fail to deliver the goods within the stipulated time limit in any lot, then this lot and subsequent lots all cease to be effective.

2. Which of the following does not belong to the advantage of sea transport?(D)

A.     carrying large quantities of goods over long distance.

B.     comparatively cheap freight

C.    good adaptability

D.    reducing amount of capital tied u in transit.

3. Which of the following features does not belong to Liner transport? (C)

A.     fixed schedule

B.     fixed charge standard

C.    responsible for loading and unloading charges and the cost of dunnaging materials.

D.    regularity of service

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